Montessori Method Vs Traditional Approach

Montessori Method

Emphasis on cognitive and social development

Teacher has unobtrusive role in classroom

Environment and method encourage self-discipline

Mixed age grouping

Grouping encourages children to teach and help each other

Mainly individual instruction

Child chooses own work

Child works as long as he wishes on chosen project

Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials

Child sets own learning pace

Child spots own errors from feedback on material

Child reinforces learning by repetition and feelings of success

Organized program for learning care of self and environment (polishing shoes, cleaning the sink, etc.)

Child can work where he chooses (yet not disturb work of others); group work is also encouraged

Traditional Method

Emphasis on social development

Teacher is center of classroom as “controller”

Teacher enforces discipline

Same age grouping

Most teaching done by teacher

Group and individual instruction

Activities structured for child

Child generally allotted specific time for work

Child is guided to concepts by teacher

Instruction pace usually set by group

If work is corrected, errors usually pointed out by teacher

Learning is reinforced externally by repetition and rewards

Less emphasis on self-care instruction

Child usually assigned own chair; encouraged to participate, sit still and listen during group sessions